• what are the key components of rim?

    Using the science of resilience, RIM is a combined application of major behavioral principles juxtaposed against child-centered humanistic principles inherent in psychoanalytical and psychosocial traditions. Its goal is to not only guide children’s behavior, but to be emotionally responsive to their psychological development.

    RIM consists of simple strategies for teacher-child interactions, such as teacher’s attitudes, reactions to the child’s behaviors, and specific languages used with the child. The techniques that teachers learn to use are simple. Teachers and children are not required to do anything outside of their typical daily lessons and classroom activities.


    The key components of RIM are: establishing and maintaining a positive adult-child relationship, responding to the child’s bids for attention positively, guiding the child’s behavior, and creating caring relationships amongst the classroom community members. In this approach, teachers learn to be aware of their own behaviors and attitudes and use specific techniques and languages with children which support children’s self-regulation and self-awareness.

    Initial teacher training in RIM techniques takes about 20 to 30 hours, followed by further coaching, teacher support, and problem solving.


    The foundations of RIM are laid out in Addressing Challenging Behaviors and Mental Health Issues in Early Childhood. A second book on the model is forthcoming in 2018, to be published by Routledge and the Council for Exceptional Children.